Tag Archives: Aristotle

The Messengers

Far above the visible heavens with their cold wandering planets and fixed stars lies a great void, or so it seems to human eyes that can detect neither life nor movement there. This is what many call the Seventh Heaven and others, somewhat less colorfully, Eternity. It is, however, the domicile of the most vibrant […]

The Limbo of the Theologians

By the Middle Ages the theologians of the Catholic Church had constructed an elegantly coherent model of the universe: it explained the nature and existence of our world, the church and the individual believer’s place in it. It was a beautifully crafted cathedral of logic, each element neatly dovetailed with the next. The foundations were […]

The Late Harvest of Hellenism: Muslim Baghdad and Christian Toledo

Introduction Almost four decades ago I wrote a book called The Harvest of Hellenism. I am still very fond of the title, though I must confess that it is only half mine. The first half I stole from Heiko Oberman, the celebrated Reformation historian.  His work was called The Harvest of Medieval Theology, and I […]